The design research pyramid: a three layer framework

Wang, Wenjuan and Duffy, Alexander (2007) The design research pyramid: a three layer framework. In: 16th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED 07), 2007-08-28 - 2007-08-31.

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    To support knowledge-based design development, considerable research has been conducted from various perspectives at different levels. The research on knowledge-based design support systems, generic design artefact and design process modelling, and the inherent quality of design knowledge itself are some examples of these perspectives. The structure underneath the research is not a disparate one but ordered. This paper provides an overview of some ontologies of design knowledge and a layered research framework of knowledge-based engineering design support. Three layers of research are clarified in this pattern: knowledge ontology, design knowledge model, and application. Specifically, the paper highlights ontologies of design knowledge by giving a set of classifications of design knowledge from different points of view. Within the discussion of design knowledge content ontology, two topologies, i.e., teleology and evolutionary, are identified.

    ORCID iDs

    Wang, Wenjuan and Duffy, Alexander ORCID logoORCID:;