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Fast-responding measurements of power system harmonics using discrete and fast fourier transforms with low spectral leakage

Roscoe, Andrew J. and Carter, R. and Cruden, A. and Burt, Graeme M. (2011) Fast-responding measurements of power system harmonics using discrete and fast fourier transforms with low spectral leakage. In: Renewable power generation (RPG 2011). IEEE, New York, pp. 1-6.

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Abstract

Conventional wisdom dictates that a Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) will be a more computationally effective method for measuring multiple harmonics than a Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) approach. However, in this paper it is shown that carefully coded discrete transforms which distribute their computational load over many frames can be made to produce results in shorter execution times than the FFT approach, even for large number of harmonic measurement frequencies. This is because the execution time of the presented DFT actually rises with N and not the classical N2 value, while the execution time of the FFT rises with Nlog2N.