Picture of UK Houses of Parliament

Leading national thinking on politics, government & public policy through Open Access research

Strathprints makes available scholarly Open Access content by researchers in the School of Government & Public Policy, based within the Faculty of Humanities & Social Sciences.

Research here is 1st in Scotland for research intensity and spans a wide range of domains. The Department of Politics demonstrates expertise in understanding parties, elections and public opinion, with additional emphases on political economy, institutions and international relations. This international angle is reflected in the European Policies Research Centre (EPRC) which conducts comparative research on public policy. Meanwhile, the Centre for Energy Policy provides independent expertise on energy, working across multidisciplinary groups to shape policy for a low carbon economy.

Explore the Open Access research of the School of Government & Public Policy. Or explore all of Strathclyde's Open Access research...

Physiological aspects of free and immobilised aspergillus niger cultures producing citric acid under various glucose concentrations

Papagianni, M. and Mattey, M. (2004) Physiological aspects of free and immobilised aspergillus niger cultures producing citric acid under various glucose concentrations. Process Biochemistry, 39 (12). pp. 1963-1970. ISSN 1359-5113

Full text not available in this repository.Request a copy from the Strathclyde author

Abstract

Similarities and differences between cultures of free and immobilized Aspergillus niger were identified under various glucose concentrations. Growth and citric acid production rates were compared, and the macro-morphology and fine structure of the mycelia examined to determine which parameters were significant in the production of citric acid. With free cultures the diameter of pellets was inversely related to glucose concentration, while biomass levels were lower for immobilized cultures than the equivalent free cultures. Rates of citric acid production were higher with immobilized mycelium, especially at higher glucose levels. The morphology that characterized high citric acid productivity was that of swollen hyphal tips which were seen at concentrations over 100 kg/m3 glucose in both free and immobilized mycelium. Although there is a characteristic morphology associated with high productivity it does not account for the difference observed between free and immobilized mycelia. The increased glucose uptake and productivity was not due to an increased surface area either, since the immobilized system was slightly lower in total surface area than the equivalent free cultures. The major difference was in the mean diffusion path in the two systems.