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Proteinase-activated receptor-2-mediated activation of stress-activated protein kinases and inhibitory kappa b kinases in NCTC 2544 keratinocytes

Kanke, T. and MacFarlane, S.R. and Seatter, M.J. and Davenport, E.L. and Paul, A. and McKenzie, R.C. and Plevin, R.J. (2001) Proteinase-activated receptor-2-mediated activation of stress-activated protein kinases and inhibitory kappa b kinases in NCTC 2544 keratinocytes. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 276 (34). pp. 31657-31666. ISSN 1083-351X

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Abstract

In this study we examined the regulation of the stress-activated protein (SAP) kinases and inhibitory κB kinases (IKKs) through stimulation of the novel G-protein-coupled receptor proteinase-activated receptor-2 in the human keratinocyte cell line NCTC2544. Trypsin and the peptide SLIGKV stimulated a time-dependent increase in both c-Jun N-terminal kinase and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase activity. Trypsin also stimulated NFκB-DNA binding and the activation of the upstream kinases IKKα and -β. Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate also strongly activated both SAP kinases and IKK isoforms, suggesting the potential for a protein kinase C-mediated regulatory mechanism underlying the effects of trypsin. Pre-incubation with selective protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitors GF109203X and Gö6983, or transfection of dominant negative (DN)-PKCα, abolished phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate-mediated c-Jun N-terminal kinase activity, although it only partially inhibited the response to trypsin. In contrast, Gö6983 reduced trypsin-stimulated p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase activity to a greater extent than GF109203X, although DN-PKCα or PKCζ had no substantial effect. Additionally, inhibitors of PKC partially reduced trypsin-stimulated IKKα activity but abolished that of IKKβ, whereas DN-PKCα but not DN-PKCζ substantially reduced trypsin-stimulated Flag-IKKβ activity. This study shows for the first time proteinase-activated receptor-2-mediated stimulation of both SAP kinase and IKK signaling and differing roles for PKC isoforms in the regulation of each pathway.