Development of radiation tolerant semiconductor detectors for the Super-LHC

Moll, M and Adey, J and Al-Ajili, A and Alfieri, G and Allport, PP and Artuso, M and Assouak, S and Avset, BS and Barabash, L and Barcz, A and Bates, R and Biagi, SF and Bilei, GM and Bisello, D and Blue, A and Blumenau, A and Boisvert, V and Bolla, G and Bondarenko, G and Borchi, E and Borrello, L and Bortoletto, D and Boscardin, M and Bosisio, L and Bowcock, TJV and Brodbeck, TJ and Broz, J and Bruzzi, M and Brzozowski, A and Buda, M and Buhmann, P and Buttar, C and Campabadal, F and Campbell, D and Candelori, A and Casse, G and Cavallini, A and Charron, S and Chilingarov, A and Chren, D and Cindro, V and Collins, P and Coluccia, R and Contarato, D and Coutinho, J and Creanza, D and Cunningham, W and Dalla Betta, GF and Dawson, I and de Boer, W and De Palma, M and Demina, R and Dervan, P and Dittongo, S and Dolezal, Z and Dolgolenko, A and Eberlein, T and Eremin, V and Fall, C and Fasolo, F and Fizzotti, F and Fleta, C and Focardi, E and Forton, E and Fretwurst, E and Garcia, C and Garcia-Navarro, JE and Gaubas, E and Genest, MH and Gill, KA and Giolo, K and Glaser, M and Goessling, C and Golovine, V and Sevilla, SG and Gorelov, I and Goss, J and Bates, AG and Gregoire, G and Gregori, P and Grigoriev, E and Grillo, AA and Groza, A and Guskov, J and Haddad, L and Harkonen, J and Hauler, F and Hoeferkamp, M and Honniger, F and Horazdovsky, T and Horisberger, R and Horn, M and Houdayer, A and Hourahine, Benjamin and Hughes, G and Ilyashenko, I and Irmscher, K and Ivanov, A and Jarasiunas, K and Johansen, KMH and Jones, BK and Jones, R and Joram, C and Jungermann, L and Kalinina, E and Kaminski, P and Karpenko, A and Karpov, A and Kazlauskiene, V and Kazukauskas, V and Khivrich, V and Khomenkov, V and Kierstead, J and Klaiber-Lodewigs, J and Klingenberga, R and Kodys, P and Kohout, Z and Korjenevski, S and Koski, M and Kozlowski, R and Kozodaev, M and Kramberger, G and Krasel, O and Kuznetsov, A and Kwan, S and Lagomarsino, S and Lassila-Perini, K and Lastovetsky, V and Latino, G and Lazanu, S and Lazanu, I and Lebedev, A and Lebel, C and Leinonen, K and Leroy, C and Li, Z and Lindstrom, G and Linhart, V and Litovchenko, A and Litovchenko, P and Lo Giudice, A and Lozano, M and Luczynski, Z and Luukka, P and Macchiolo, A and Makarenko, LF and Mandic, I and Manfredotti, C and Manna, N and marti garcia, S and Marunko, S and Mathieson, K and Melone, J and Menichelli, D and Messineo, A and Metcalfe, J and Miglio, S and Mikuz, M and Miyamoto, J and Monakhov, E and Moscatelli, F and Naoumov, D and Nossarzewska-Orlowska, E and Nysten, J and Olivera, P and OShea, V and Palvialnen, T and Paolini, C and Parkes, C and Passeri, D and Pein, U and Pellegrini, G and Perera, L and Petasecca, K and Piemonte, C and Pignatel, GU and Pinho, N and Pintilie, I and Pintilie, L and Polivtsev, L and Polozov, P and Popa, A and Popule, J and Pospisil, S and Pozza, A and Radicci, V and Rafi, JM and Rando, R and Roeder, R and Rohe, T and Ronchin, S and Rott, C and Roy, A and Ruzin, A and Sadrozinski, HFW and Sakalauskas, S and Scaringella, M and Schiavulli, L and Schnetzer, S and Schumm, B and Sciortino, S and Scorzoni, A and Segneri, G and Seidel, S and Seiden, A and Sellberg, G and Sellin, P and Sentenac, D and Shipsey, I and Sicho, P and Sloan, T and Solar, M and Son, S and Sopko, B and Sopko, V and Spencer, N and Stahl, J and Stolze, D and Stone, R and Storasta, J and Strokan, N and Sudzius, M and Surma, B and Suvorov, A and Svensson, BG and Tipton, P and Tomasek, M and Tsvetkov, A and Tuominen, E and Tuovinen, E and Tuuva, T and Tylchin, M and Uebersee, H and Uher, J and Ullan, M and Vaitkus, JV and Velthuis, J and Verbitskaya, E and Vrba, V and Wagner, G and Wilhelm, I and Worm, S and Wright, V and Wunstorf, R and Yiuri, Y and Zabierowski, P and Zaluzhny, A and Zavrtanik, M and Zen, M and Zhukov, V and Zorzi, N and Hourahine, Benjamin (2005) Development of radiation tolerant semiconductor detectors for the Super-LHC. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, 546 (1-2). pp. 99-107. ISSN 0168-9002 (

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The envisaged upgrade of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN towards the Super-LHC (SLHC) with a 10 times increased luminosity of 1035 cm−2 s−1 will present severe challenges for the tracking detectors of the SLHC experiments. Unprecedented high radiation levels and track densities and a reduced bunch crossing time in the order of 10 ns as well as the need for cost effective detectors have called for an intensive R&D program. The CERN RD50 collaboration “Development of Radiation Hard Semiconductor Devices for Very High Luminosity Colliders” is working on the development of semiconductor sensors matching the requirements of the SLHC. Sensors based on defect engineered silicon like Czochralski, epitaxial and oxygen enriched silicon have been developed. With 3D, Semi-3D and thin detectors new detector concepts have been evaluated and a study on the use of standard and oxygen enriched p-type silicon detectors revealed a promising approach for radiation tolerant cost effective devices. These and other most recent advancements of the RD50 collaboration are presented.