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Open Access research with a European policy impact...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the European Policies Research Centre (EPRC).

EPRC is a leading institute in Europe for comparative research on public policy, with a particular focus on regional development policies. Spanning 30 European countries, EPRC research programmes have a strong emphasis on applied research and knowledge exchange, including the provision of policy advice to EU institutions and national and sub-national government authorities throughout Europe.

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Cytochrome b or cytochrome c oxidase subunit I for mammalian species identification—An answer to the debate

Tobe, Shanan S. and Kitchener, Andrew and Linacre, Adrian (2009) Cytochrome b or cytochrome c oxidase subunit I for mammalian species identification—An answer to the debate. Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series, 2 (1). pp. 306-307. ISSN 1875-1768

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Abstract

Species identification for forensic purposes is being increasingly used, as the value of non-human evidence is realized. This requires the identification of the species before individual analysis can take place. Traditionally the cytochrome b (cyt b) gene was used for species identification, but in 2003 the cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (CO1) gene was introduced under the terminology ‘barcoding’. This started an ongoing debate as to which gene offers the best template for species identification (high inter-species variability and low intra-species variation). Sequence data from 236 mammals were compared with multiple sequence alignments for a large number of human, cow and dog samples. Comparisons were made based on the number of inter-species variations between the different species and the intra-species variation between members of the same species.