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Simultaneous measurement of partial discharges using IEC60270 and radio-frequency techniques

Reid, A. J. and Judd, M. D. and Fouracre, R. A. and Stewart, B. G. and Hepburn, D. M. (2011) Simultaneous measurement of partial discharges using IEC60270 and radio-frequency techniques. IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, 18 (2). pp. 444-455. ISSN 1070-9878

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Partial discharge (PD) measurement is an established condition monitoring technique used to facilitate the detection of incipient faults in high voltage electrical insulation systems such as gas-insulated switchgear and power transformers. By simultaneously recording partial discharge using both the IEC60270 'apparent charge' measurement technique and the more recent Radio Frequency method, which measures the energy radiated from the discharge, it is thought that more information can be gained about the nature of the PD source. Combined measurement has been carried out on various common PD source topologies recreated under laboratory conditions using PD test cells in a range of insulating media including SF6, oil and epoxy resin. Test cell geometries include floating electrodes, free particles and protrusions. By plotting apparent charge against the energy of the RF signal for a large number of PD pulses, the relationship between the two techniques can be quantified for a given test configuration. It has been found that the correlation between the two techniques produces characteristic patterns specific to each defect type. It is envisioned that combined RF/IEC measurements will contribute to a more widespread acceptance of the RF technique in terms of its ability to quantify PD severity by relating the RF energy to the more widely accepted IEC60270 pC level.