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Open Access research with a European policy impact...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the European Policies Research Centre (EPRC).

EPRC is a leading institute in Europe for comparative research on public policy, with a particular focus on regional development policies. Spanning 30 European countries, EPRC research programmes have a strong emphasis on applied research and knowledge exchange, including the provision of policy advice to EU institutions and national and sub-national government authorities throughout Europe.

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Effects of purified cardiotoxins from the Thailand cobra (Naja naja siamensis) on isolated skeletal and cardiac muscle preparations

Harvey, A L and Marshall, R J and Karlsson, E (1982) Effects of purified cardiotoxins from the Thailand cobra (Naja naja siamensis) on isolated skeletal and cardiac muscle preparations. Toxicon, 20 (2). pp. 379-396. ISSN 0041-0101

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Abstract

Four polypeptides were isolated by non-exchange chromatography from the crude cardiotoxin fraction of Thailand cobra (Naja naja siamensis) venom. Fraction I and 71 amino acid residues including 1 tryptophan, while fractions, II, III and IV had 60 amino acids and no tryptophan. When tested on isolated skeletal muscle (chick biventer cervicis, chick embryo muscle in culture, guinea pig hemidiaphragm) and cardiac muscle (guinea pig and cat left atria, cat papillary muscle) preparations, fractions II, III and IV, but not fraction I, caused contracture and depolarization. The cardiotoxin-induced contractions could be prevented by pretreatment with raised concentrations of calcium, but were not influenced by a wide range of pharmacological agents which modify nerve-muscle transmission or muscle contractility. The results suggest that cardiotoxins do not act at a specific step in normal excitation-contraction coupling but directly on cell membranes, where they probably cause the formation of pores which result in depolarization and in the influx of calcium.