Abrupt turn-on and hysteresis in a VCSEL with frequency-selective optical feedback

Naumenko, Alexander and Loiko, Natalia and Sondermann, Markus and Jentsch, Karl and Ackemann, Thorsten (2006) Abrupt turn-on and hysteresis in a VCSEL with frequency-selective optical feedback. Optics Communications, 259 (2). pp. 823-833. ISSN 0030-4018

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    Abstract

    The emission characteristics of a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) operated in a single-transverse mode and coupled to an external cavity with a diffraction grating as a frequency-selective element are analyzed experimentally, numerically and analytically. The experiments yield a rather abrupt turn-on of the VCSEL to a high-amplitude emission state and hysteresis phenomena. The experimental results are explained by numerical simulations and analytical calculations demonstrating the possibility of bistability between lasing and non-lasing states close to threshold. Hence, the scheme might be useful in all-optical photonic switching applications. A detailed bifurcation analysis near threshold is given by superimposing the numerical results with analytical steady-state curves. The mode selection and switching behavior obtained in the simulations can be interpreted from the point of view of the preference of states with the minimal total losses.

    ORCID iDs

    Naumenko, Alexander, Loiko, Natalia, Sondermann, Markus, Jentsch, Karl and Ackemann, Thorsten ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2727-7395;