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Open Access research with a European policy impact...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the European Policies Research Centre (EPRC).

EPRC is a leading institute in Europe for comparative research on public policy, with a particular focus on regional development policies. Spanning 30 European countries, EPRC research programmes have a strong emphasis on applied research and knowledge exchange, including the provision of policy advice to EU institutions and national and sub-national government authorities throughout Europe.

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Highly sensitive detection of trace gases using the time-resolved frequency downchirp from pulsed quantum-cascade lasers

McCulloch, Michael T. and Normand, Erwan L. and Langford, Nigel and Duxbury, Geoffrey and Newnham, D.A. (2003) Highly sensitive detection of trace gases using the time-resolved frequency downchirp from pulsed quantum-cascade lasers. Journal of the Optical Society of America B, 20 (8). pp. 1761-1768. ISSN 0740-3224

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Abstract

A spectrometer using a pulsed, 10.25-µm-wavelength, thermoelectrically cooled quantum-cascade distributed-feedback laser has been developed for sensitive high-resolution infrared absorption spectroscopy. This spectrometer is based upon the use of the almost linear frequency downchirp of up to 75 GHz produced by a square current drive pulse. The behavior of this downchirp has been investigated in detail using high-resolution Fourier-transform spectrometers. The downchirp spectrometer provides a real-time display of the spectral fingerprint of molecular gases over a wave-number range of up to 2.5 cm^-1. Using an astigmatic Herriott cell with a maximum path length of 101 m and a 5-kHz pulse repetition rate with 12-s averaging, absorption lines having an absorbance of less than 0.01 (an absorption of less than 1%) may be measured.