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Patient views of three methods of physical activity promotion for people with Type 2 diabetes

Kirk, A. and Gannon, M. and Barnett, Jodi (2008) Patient views of three methods of physical activity promotion for people with Type 2 diabetes. In: Diabetes UK Annual Professional Conference, 2008-03-01. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

The Time 2 ACT study is investigating the effectiveness of two physical activity interventions (written physical activity pack and person delivered physical activity consultation) compared to standard care. Aims to examine patient views of these three methods of physical activity promotion for people with Type 2 diabetes. Participants finishing Time 2 ACT completed a questionnaire assessing views of the intervention they received and barriers and motivations for physical activity. Thirty-three questionnaires were completed (12 written, 14 person, seven standard care). In addition four focus groups (total n525) and seven interviews were conducted to further explore the above issues. Combined qualitative and quantitative analysis identified: post intervention, most participants perceived increased physical activity, knowledge and motivation. No substantial differences between the groups were identified for physical activity change, but a greater proportion of intervention participants perceived increased knowledge and motivation. Pedometers, education workbooks, support phone calls and person support (person delivered) were identified as the most beneficial intervention components. Physical activity barriers were: medical complications, lack of time and support, work and family commitments and facility access. Motivations were: improve health (particularly blood glucose and weight), remain independent, social contact, sense of achievement and reduced tiredness. Most intervention participants support the addition of a physical activity specialist and either intervention to routine diabetes care. For implementation; participants suggested intervention delivery should be around diagnosis, with brief support every 3–6 months. Findings provide important information for future development of physical activity promotion within diabetes care.