Stabilization of the smecticcalpha* phase in mixtures with chiral dopants
Chang, H.S. and Jaradat, S. and Gleeson, H.F. and Dierking, I. and Osipov, M.A., Samsung Electronics Co. (Funder) (2009) Stabilization of the smecticcalpha* phase in mixtures with chiral dopants. Physical Review E, 79 (6). ISSN 15393755
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A series of mixtures comprising an antiferroelectric liquidcrystal host and a chiral dopant is described in which the layer spacing variation at the orthogonal smecticA* (SmA*) to tilted smecticC* or smecticCalpha* (SmC* or SmC alpha*) phase transition changes from the usual strong contraction in the pure system to one in which there is almost no layer spacing change observed across the transition for dopant concentrations of 7%. The nature of the orthogonal to tilted phase transition is examined using Raman spectroscopy, to determine the order parameters < P2 > and < P4 > in the SmA* phase, and via a generalized Landau expansion to reveal the details of the phase transition itself. The results show that the value of < P2 > at the orthogonal to tilted transition increases from around 0.6 to 0.7 as the dopant concentration increases, while < P4 > remains constant at approximately 0.4 irrespective of dopant concentration. Further, the generalized Landau potential measurements prove that the transition is purely second order, while electrooptic measurements confirm that the tilt angle at the transition becomes smaller with increasing dopant concentration. The combined data show that the hightemperature tilted phase regime corresponds to a SmC alpha* phase rather than the mechanism suggested by de Vries that is inferred by the layer spacing data alone. We demonstrate that the lowertemperature SmC alpha*SmC* phase transition is of first order. Further, the temperature range of the SmC alpha* phase increases dramatically with concentration, from around 2 K in the pure system to around 21 K in the 8% doped mixture, showing that the chiral dopant plays a role in stabilizing this phase. Indeed, we particularly note that for the 8% doped mixture all other SmC*like phases disappear and that the only tilted phase remaining is SmC alpha*. This implies that we are reporting a liquidcrystalline phase sequence, namely, cryst.SmC alpha*SmA*iso., i.e., a direct transition between the SmC alpha* phase and the crystalline phase.
ORCID iDs
Chang, H.S., Jaradat, S., Gleeson, H.F., Dierking, I. and Osipov, M.A. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000000218361854;

Item type: Article ID code: 19064 Dates: DateEventJune 2009PublishedKeywords: ferroelectric liquidcrystals, xray scattering, spontaneous polarization, order parameters, transitions, expansion, cells, Probabilities. Mathematical statistics, Statistical and Nonlinear Physics, Statistics and Probability, Condensed Matter Physics Subjects: Science > Mathematics > Probabilities. Mathematical statistics Department: Faculty of Science > Mathematics and Statistics Depositing user: Strathprints Administrator Date deposited: 09 Jun 2010 08:56 Last modified: 11 Nov 2021 01:55 URI: https://strathprints.strath.ac.uk/id/eprint/19064