The thermal degradation behaviour of polydimethylsiloxane/montmorillonite nanocomposites

Lewicki, J.P. and Liggat, J.J. and Patel, M. (2009) The thermal degradation behaviour of polydimethylsiloxane/montmorillonite nanocomposites. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 94 (9). pp. 1548-1557. ISSN 0141-3910

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Abstract

A series of novel polydimethylsiloxane/montmorillonite (PDMS/MMT) nanocomposites was prepared. The thermal degradation behaviour of these nanocomposites was studied by means of Thermal Volatilization Analysis (TVA) and Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA). The major degradation products were identified as cyclic oligomeric siloxanes from D3 to D7, and higher oligomeric siloxane residues. Other minor degradation products include methane, bis-pentamethylcyclotrisiloxane, propene, propanal, benzene and dimethylsilanone. The results demonstrate that the nanoclay significantly alters the degradation behaviour of the PDMS network, modifying the profile of the thermal degradation and reducing the overall rate of volatiles evolution. The results also indicate that the nanoclay promotes the formation of dimethylsilanone and benzene by inducing low levels of radical chain scission.