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Open Access research with a European policy impact...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the European Policies Research Centre (EPRC).

EPRC is a leading institute in Europe for comparative research on public policy, with a particular focus on regional development policies. Spanning 30 European countries, EPRC research programmes have a strong emphasis on applied research and knowledge exchange, including the provision of policy advice to EU institutions and national and sub-national government authorities throughout Europe.

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The prevalence, distribution and severity of detectable pathological lesions in badgers naturally infected with Mycobacterium bovis

Jenkins, H.E. and Morrison, W.I. and Cox, D.R. and Donnelly, C.A. and Johnston, W.T. and Bourne, F.J. and Clifton-Hadley, R. and Gettinby, G. and McInerney, J.P. and Watkins, G.H. and Woodroffe, R., Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) (Funder) (2008) The prevalence, distribution and severity of detectable pathological lesions in badgers naturally infected with Mycobacterium bovis. Infection and Epidemiology, 136 (10). pp. 1350-1361. ISSN 0950-2688

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Abstract

The Randomized Badger Culling Trial (RBCT) began in 1998 to determine the impact of badger culling in controlling bovine tuberculosis in cattle. A total of 1166 badgers (14% of total)proactively culled during the RBCT were found to be tuberculous, offering a unique opportunity to study the pathology caused by Mycobacterium bovis in a large sample of badgers. Of these, 39% of adults (y6% of all adults culled) had visible lesions (detectable at necropsy) of bovine tuberculosis ; cubs had a lower prevalence of infection (9%) but a higher percentage of tuberculous cubs (55.5%) had visible lesions. Only ~1% of adult badgers had extensive, severe pathology. Tuberculous badgers with recorded bite wounds (~5%) had a higher prevalence of visible lesions and a different distribution of lesions, suggesting transmission via bite wounds. However, the predominance of lesions in the respiratory tract indicates that most transmission occurs by the respiratory route.