Picture water droplets

Developing mathematical theories of the physical world: Open Access research on fluid dynamics from Strathclyde

Strathprints makes available Open Access scholarly outputs by Strathclyde's Department of Mathematics & Statistics, where continuum mechanics and industrial mathematics is a specialism. Such research seeks to understand fluid dynamics, among many other related areas such as liquid crystals and droplet evaporation.

The Department of Mathematics & Statistics also demonstrates expertise in population modelling & epidemiology, stochastic analysis, applied analysis and scientific computing. Access world leading mathematical and statistical Open Access research!

Explore all Strathclyde Open Access research...

Cavity initiation through an evaporating mechanism for the pulse breakdown in liquids

Atrazhev, V. and Vorobev, V. and Timoshkin, I. and MacGregor, S.J. and Given, M.J. (2009) Cavity initiation through an evaporating mechanism for the pulse breakdown in liquids. In: 17th IEEE International Pulsed Power Conference, 2009-06-28 - 2009-07-02.

Full text not available in this repository. Request a copy from the Strathclyde author

Abstract

This paper presents an analytical model which describes the dielectric strength of insulating liquids stressed with the impulse electric fields. The Joule heating by the space charge saturated current may cause over-heating of pure liquids or may result in generation of nucleation centers associated with impurities in the case of practical liquids. Evaporation of the liquid from these impurities has been analysed in the paper and formation criterion for percolation chains of gas bubbles in impure dielectric liquids has been established. Based on this percolation condition, the dielectric behavior of n-hexane has been studied. Breakdown volt-time characteristics of liquid n-hexane have been calculated for different temperatures, and its dielectric strength has been obtained as a function of externally applied pressure.