Picture of boy being examining by doctor at a tuberculosis sanatorium

Understanding our future through Open Access research about our past...

Strathprints makes available scholarly Open Access content by researchers in the Centre for the Social History of Health & Healthcare (CSHHH), based within the School of Humanities, and considered Scotland's leading centre for the history of health and medicine.

Research at CSHHH explores the modern world since 1800 in locations as diverse as the UK, Asia, Africa, North America, and Europe. Areas of specialism include contraception and sexuality; family health and medical services; occupational health and medicine; disability; the history of psychiatry; conflict and warfare; and, drugs, pharmaceuticals and intoxicants.

Explore the Open Access research of the Centre for the Social History of Health and Healthcare. Or explore all of Strathclyde's Open Access research...

Image: Heart of England NHS Foundation Trust. Wellcome Collection - CC-BY.

How do implant design and gender effect the outcome of total knee arthroplasty?

Van der Linden, M.L. and Rowe, P.J. and Nutton, R.W. (2009) How do implant design and gender effect the outcome of total knee arthroplasty? In: British Association for Surgery of the Knee, 2009-04-02 - 2009-04-03.

Full text not available in this repository. Request a copy from the Strathclyde author


The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of implant design and gender on the outcome of Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) in patients with osteoarthritis (OA). In this double blind randomised controlled trial, patients with OA received either a standard posterior stabilised implant (n=28) or high flex version of this implant (n=28). Walking speed, knee flexion under anaesthesia ('drop test'), knee flexion in sitting and during functional activities as measured by electrogoniometry, daily number of steps, Quality of Life (SF36), function component of the Knee Society Score, pain (Visual Analogue Score) and extensor strength (Mext) were measured before and one year after TKA. Type of implant did not have a significant effect on any of the outcome measures recorded, while gender showed significant effects both before and after surgery. Before surgery, females had a significantly lower knee range of motion, (both passive and functional), lower Knee Score function component, walking speed and strength. After surgery they had a statistically significant lower range of knee motion during functional activities such as walking up and down a slope. Strength was also still significantly lower but post-operative self-reported function were similar for both genders. There was also no difference between male and female participants regarding Quality of life, objective daily physical activity or pain. The results of this study showed that there is a clinically and statistically significant difference between the function of female and male patients both before and after total knee arthroplasty. Although female patients seem to benefit more from TKA than males, on average they do not achieve the same functional knee motion after surgery. Unlike gender, implant design did not influence the knee motion or function in this group of patients. This has important implications for future research and treatment planning in order to maximise the functional outcome after TKA.