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A triangulation approach for design research

Wang, Wenjuan and Duffy, Alex H.B. (2009) A triangulation approach for design research. In: Proceedings of ICED'09. The Design Society, pp. 275-286. ISBN 9-781904-670063

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Abstract

Triangulation has been adopted in social science in the study of the same phenomenon through applying and combining several data sources, research methods, investigators, and theoretical schemes. From a post-positivism view point, this paper presents a triangulation approach in design research from two perspectives, data sources and research methods. Data triangulation was achieved through collecting data from multiple sources including company design documents, student design projects, and company design projects. Different research methods, e.g. interview, content analysis, protocol analysis, and questionnaire, were used to conduct data collection and analysis into a particular aspect of design, the nature of coupling design artefact and process knowledge. It was found that triangulation can provide an effective means for design research.