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EPRC is a leading institute in Europe for comparative research on public policy, with a particular focus on regional development policies. Spanning 30 European countries, EPRC research programmes have a strong emphasis on applied research and knowledge exchange, including the provision of policy advice to EU institutions and national and sub-national government authorities throughout Europe.

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Analysis of free energy functional density expansion theories

Sweatman, M.B. (2000) Analysis of free energy functional density expansion theories. Molecular Physics, 98 (9). pp. 573-581. ISSN 0026-8976

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Abstract

Density expansion theories are often used, within the density functional formalism, to approximate the Helmholtz free-energy functional of simple classical fluids. An overview of the theoretical framework of density expansion theories is presented. Several density functional theories that employ truncated density expansions are then analysed with attention focused on their thermodynamic properties. It is found that, of these theories, only the commonly used mean-field theory satisfies the Gibbs adsorption equation; the inconsistencies within the other theories arise from truncation of the density expansion without appropriate modification of the expansion coefficients. Other repercussions of truncating the density expansion are discussed.