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Open Access research with a European policy impact...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the European Policies Research Centre (EPRC).

EPRC is a leading institute in Europe for comparative research on public policy, with a particular focus on regional development policies. Spanning 30 European countries, EPRC research programmes have a strong emphasis on applied research and knowledge exchange, including the provision of policy advice to EU institutions and national and sub-national government authorities throughout Europe.

Explore research outputs by the European Policies Research Centre...

Design of biodegradable nanoparticles for oral delivery of Doxorubicin: in vivo pharmacokinetics and toxicity studies in rats

Kalaria, D.R. and Sharma, G. and Beniwal, V. and Kumar, M.N.V. Ravi (2008) Design of biodegradable nanoparticles for oral delivery of Doxorubicin: in vivo pharmacokinetics and toxicity studies in rats. Pharmaceutical Research, 26 (3). pp. 492-501. ISSN 0724-8741

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Abstract

Doxorubicin, a potent anticancer drug associated with cardiotoxicity and low oral bioavailability, was loaded into nanoparticles with a view to improve its performance. Doxorubicin loaded PLGA nanoparticles were prepared by a double emulsion method. The pH dependent stability of nanoparticles in simulated fluids was evaluated. DSC and XRD studies were carried out in order to ascertain the nature of doxorubicin in formulations in conjunction with accelerated stability studies. The in vitro release was investigated in phosphate buffer. The pharmacokinetic and toxicity studies were conducted in rats. Nanoparticles had an average size of 185 nm, with 49% entrapment at 10% w/w of polymer. The particles displayed good pH dependent stability in the pH range 1.1-7.4. DSC and XRD studies revealed the amorphous nature of doxorubicin in nanoparticles and the accelerated stability studies revealed the integrity of formulations. Initial biphasic release (20%) followed by a sustained release (80%) for 24 days was observed under in vitro conditions. The doxorubicin loaded nanoparticles demonstrated superior performance in vivo as evident by enhanced bioavailability and lower toxicity. Together, the data indicates the potential of doxorubicin loaded nanoparticles for oral chemotherapy. Further, these formulations could be explored for new indications like leishmaniasis.