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Open Access research with a real impact on health...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Physical Activity for Health Group based within the School of Psychological Sciences & Health. Research here seeks to better understand how and why physical activity improves health, gain a better understanding of the amount, intensity, and type of physical activity needed for health benefits, and evaluate the effect of interventions to promote physical activity.

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The interaction of hexavalent chromium with mouse macrophages

Lalaouni, A. and Kupper, C. and Grant, M.H. (2002) The interaction of hexavalent chromium with mouse macrophages. Toxicology, 192 (1). p. 86. ISSN 0300-483X

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Abstract

Many orthopaedic implants are made of stainless steel or cobalt–chrome alloys which degrade in vivo, releasing metal ions and particles into the body. This can lead to loosening of prostheses through local inflammatory processes and toxicity to adjacent tissues. Cr VI is one of the most toxic ions released from metal implants, and concentrations up to 2 mM have been measured in tissues samples adjacent to retrieved implants (Blumenthal et al., 1994). It is well recognised as a carcinogen in man (Langard, 1983) although the mechanism of action is undetermined. In this study Cr VI toxicity to macrophages was assessed in vitro using the J774.1 murine macrophage cell line.