Picture of athlete cycling

Open Access research with a real impact on health...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Physical Activity for Health Group based within the School of Psychological Sciences & Health. Research here seeks to better understand how and why physical activity improves health, gain a better understanding of the amount, intensity, and type of physical activity needed for health benefits, and evaluate the effect of interventions to promote physical activity.

Explore open research content by Physical Activity for Health...

The extent of phase I and phase II reactions is affected by the choice of enzyme used to prepare rat hepatocytes

Sinclair, J.A. and Henderson, C.J. and Martin, I.K. and Grant, M.H. and Tettey, J.N.A. (2009) The extent of phase I and phase II reactions is affected by the choice of enzyme used to prepare rat hepatocytes. Chemico-Biological Interactions, 179 (2-3). pp. 256-262. ISSN 0009-2797

Full text not available in this repository. Request a copy from the Strathclyde author

Abstract

The preparation of hepatocytes using the two-stage perfusion technique usually involves the use of collagenase (CII) alone or in combination with dispase (C/D) or trypsin inhibitor (CA/TI) as digestion enzymes. The effect of CII, C/D and CA/TI on cell viability, yield, cytochrome P450 mediated oxidation of testosterone, glucuronidation and sulfation of 7-hydroxycoumarin, glutathione content, glutathione-S-transferase activity and glutathione-conjugation capacity of hepatocytes has been assessed. Cytochrome P450 mediated oxidation of testosterone was significantly (p < 0.05) decreased with CII isolated hepatocytes (81.7 +/- 3.3 nmol/10(6) cells, mean +/- S.E.M., n = 3), compared with those isolated using CA/TI (96.6 +/- 1.9 nmol/10(6) cells) or C/D (95.1 +/- 2.1 nmol/10(6) cells). In contrast, glutathione conjugation of the non-specific substrate 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene was significantly (p < 0.05) increased with CII isolated hepatocytes (56.9 +/- 5.9 nmol/10(6) cells, mean +/- S.E.M., n = 3), compared with those isolated using CA/TI (36.0 +/- 3.7 nmol/10(6) cells) or C/D (31.6 +/- 3.7 nmol/10(6) cells). These findings have significant implications for the interpretation of metabolism data derived from hepatocytes in suspension, particularly in terms of glutathione conjugation of potentially toxic reactive intermediates of xenobiotic metabolism. Indeed, data presented show that the presence of trypsin inhibitor in the preparation of isolated rat hepatocytes significantly affects the formation of glutathione conjugates of reactive intermediate products of troglitazone metabolism.