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Interventions to promote walking: systematic review

Ogilvie, D. and Foster, Charlie and Rothnie, Helen and Cavill, Nick and Hamilton, Val and Fitzsimons, Claire and Mutrie, N. (2007) Interventions to promote walking: systematic review. British Medical Journal, 334 (1204). ISSN 0959-8138

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    Abstract

    Assesses the effects of interventions to promote walking in individuals and populations. Uses published and unpublished reports in any language identified by searching 25 electronic databases, by searching websites, reference lists, and existing systematic reviews, and by contacting experts. ystematic search for and appraisal of controlled before and after studies of the effects of any type of intervention on how much people walk, the distribution of effects on walking between social groups, and any associated effects on overall physical activity, fitness, risk factors for disease, health, and wellbeing. We included 19 randomised controlled trials and 29 non-randomised controlled studies. Interventions tailored to people's needs, targeted at the most sedentary or at those most motivated to change, and delivered either at the level of the individual (brief advice, supported use of pedometers, telecommunications) or household (individualised marketing) or through groups, can encourage people to walk more, although the sustainability, generalisability, and clinical benefits of many of these approaches are uncertain. Evidence for the effectiveness of interventions applied to workplaces, schools, communities, or areas typically depends on isolated studies or subgroup analysis. The most successful interventions could increase walking among targeted participants by up to 30-60 minutes a week on average, at least in the short term. From a perspective of improving population health, much of the research currently provides evidence of efficacy rather than effectiveness. Nevertheless, interventions to promote walking could contribute substantially towards increasing the activity levels of the most sedentary.

    Item type: Article
    ID code: 13404
    Keywords: walking, physical activity, sports science, pedometer, Sports Medicine, Personal health and hygiene, including exercise, nutrition
    Subjects: Medicine > Internal medicine > Sports Medicine
    Medicine > Public aspects of medicine > Personal health and hygiene, including exercise, nutrition
    Department: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences (HaSS) > School of Education > Education
    Unknown Department
    Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences (HaSS) > School of Psychological Science and Health > Physical Activity for Health
    Related URLs:
      Depositing user: Miss Louise Meenan
      Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2009 15:21
      Last modified: 09 Dec 2013 02:11
      URI: http://strathprints.strath.ac.uk/id/eprint/13404

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