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Highly significant linkage to the SLI1 locus in an expanded sample of individuals affected by specific language impairment

Cohen, W. (2004) Highly significant linkage to the SLI1 locus in an expanded sample of individuals affected by specific language impairment. American Journal of Human Genetics, 74 (6). pp. 1225-1238. ISSN 0002-9297

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Abstract

Specific language impairment (SLI) is defined as an unexplained failure to acquire normal language skills despite adequate intelligence and opportunity. We have reported elsewhere a full-genome scan in 98 nuclear families affected by this disorder, with the use of three quantitative traits of language ability (the expressive and receptive tests of the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals and a test of nonsense word repetition). This screen implicated two quantitative trait loci, one on chromosome 16q (SLI1) and a second on chromosome 19q (SLI2). However, a second independent genome screen performed by another group, with the use of parametric linkage analyses in extended pedigrees, found little evidence for the involvement of either of these regions in SLI. To investigate these loci further, we have collected a second sample, consisting of 86 families (367 individuals, 174 independent sib pairs), all with probands whose language skills are greater-or-equal, slanted1.5 SD below the mean for their age. Haseman-Elston linkage analysis resulted in a maximum LOD score (MLS) of 2.84 on chromosome 16 and an MLS of 2.31 on chromosome 19, both of which represent significant linkage at the 2% level. Amalgamation of the wave 2 sample with the cohort used for the genome screen generated a total of 184 families (840 individuals, 393 independent sib pairs). Analysis of linkage within this pooled group strengthened the evidence for linkage at SLI1 and yielded a highly significant LOD score (MLS = 7.46, interval empirical P<.0004). Furthermore, linkage at the same locus was also demonstrated to three reading-related measures (basic reading [MLS = 1.49], spelling [MLS = 2.67], and reading comprehension [MLS = 1.99] subtests of the Wechsler Objectives Reading Dimensions).

Item type: Article
ID code: 8683
Keywords: language impairment, specific language impairment, language skills, educational studies, Education, Genetics, Genetics(clinical)
Subjects: Education
Department: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences (HaSS) > School of Psychological Science and Health > Speech and Language Therapy
Related URLs:
    Depositing user: Strathprints Administrator
    Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2009 14:35
    Last modified: 04 Sep 2014 19:29
    URI: http://strathprints.strath.ac.uk/id/eprint/8683

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