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Promoting physical activity in a socially and economically deprived community: a 12 month randomized control trial of fitness assessment and exercise consultation

Lowther, M. and Mutrie, N. and Scott, E.M. (2002) Promoting physical activity in a socially and economically deprived community: a 12 month randomized control trial of fitness assessment and exercise consultation. Journal of Sports Sciences, 20 (7). pp. 577-588. ISSN 0264-0414

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Abstract

The main aim of this study was to assess the effects of a fitness assessment and exercise consultation on physical activity over 1 year in non-regularly active participants drawn from a socially and economically deprived community. Of 3000 people invited to volunteer for either intervention, 225 fitness assessment volunteers were randomly assigned to an experimental or control group; 145 exercise consultation volunteers were similarly assigned. Physical activity was measured at baseline, 4 weeks, 3 months (plus an intervention re-test), 6 months and 1 year. Analysis of variance and follow-up Bonferroni analysis showed that, for those not regularly active at baseline, physical activity increased significantly to 4 weeks, was maintained to 6 months but had fallen by 1 year. Only those receiving an exercise consultation significantly increased their physical activity after 1 year. Compared with fitness assessments, chi-square analysis showed that significantly more non-regularly active participants volunteered for an exercise consultation and those receiving an exercise consultation had significantly better long-term study adherence than those receiving a fitness assessment. The study also showed that, contrary to popular opinion, those in a socially and economically deprived community are not 'hard to reach' and respond well to physical activity interventions.

Item type: Article
ID code: 7856
Keywords: deprivation, health, exercise consultation, fitness assessment, physical activity, sports science, Personal health and hygiene, including exercise, nutrition , Orthopedics and Sports Medicine, Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
Subjects: Medicine > Public aspects of medicine > Personal health and hygiene, including exercise, nutrition
Department: Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences (HaSS) > School of Psychological Science and Health > Physical Activity for Health
Related URLs:
    Depositing user: Strathprints Administrator
    Date Deposited: 21 Apr 2009 13:04
    Last modified: 04 Sep 2014 14:59
    URI: http://strathprints.strath.ac.uk/id/eprint/7856

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