Picture of Open Access badges

Discover Open Access research at Strathprints

It's International Open Access Week, 24-30 October 2016. This year's theme is "Open in Action" and is all about taking meaningful steps towards opening up research and scholarship. The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde research outputs. Explore recent world leading Open Access research content by University of Strathclyde researchers and see how Strathclyde researchers are committing to putting "Open in Action".


Image: h_pampel, CC-BY

Thermal anisotropy of a natural fibre

Thomason, J.L. and Cichocki, F.R. (2002) Thermal anisotropy of a natural fibre. In: Proceedings of the Gordon Conference on Composites. Blackwell.

Full text not available in this repository. (Request a copy from the Strathclyde author)


In order to develop structure-property relationships in composite systems, it is often necessary to know the properties of the fiber and matrix constituents. Much research indicates that natural-fibers exhibit a complicated anisotropic structure. Unfortunately, the property anisotropy of most natural fibers has been left undetermined. In this study, dynamic mechanical and thermal mechanical techniques have been employed to measure the elastic and thermal expansion characteristics of a model composite system containing jute fibers over a broad temperature range. The results of these measurements were in turn incorporated into a number of pertinent micro-mechanical models to estimate the thermoelastic properties of the natural fibers. The jute fibers investigated in this study exhibited considerable elastic and thermal expansion anisotropy. The longitudinal Young's modulus of the fibers has been determined to exceed the transverse fiber modulus by as much as an order of magnitude in certain temperature regimes. The fibers exhibit negative thermal expansion coefficients along their lengths; however, large positive thermal expansion coefficients, similar in magnitude to many polymeric materials, have been estimated in the transverse directions.