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Simulation study of FACTS devices based on AC-AC modular multilevel hexagonal chopper

Li, Peng and Adam, Grain P. and Holliday, Derrick and Finney, Stephen J. and Williams, Barry W. (2017) Simulation study of FACTS devices based on AC-AC modular multilevel hexagonal chopper. IET Power Electronics. ISSN 1755-4535

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Abstract

This paper proposes a new range of FACTS device based on direct AC-AC conversion, where the modular multilevel AC hexagonal chopper (M2AHC) is employed. The M2AHC is operated in quasitwo-level (Q2L) mode; and the heterodyne modulation is used to decouple voltage amplitude regulation from the phase shift; thus, independent control of active and reactive power is achieved. Then, a family of FACTS devices based on M2AHC that offers voltage, active power and reactive power flow control as both shunt and series compensators is analyzed. The use of AC cell capacitors instead of DC capacitors in M2AHC makes its footprint much smaller and lighter than conventional AC-DC or DC-AC voltage source converter (VSC) based FACTS devices; hence, high reliability and extended service life could be expected. The system modeling and controller design of the proposed FACTS devices are illustrated in a unified reference frame, considering different control modes, transient and unbalanced conditions. Simulation results are used to verify the feasibility of the proposed M2AHC based FACTS device. These FACTS devices will be preferred over conventional counterpart for confined spaced applications such as the grid access of large-scale offshore wind farms and resolution of loop flow in megacities.