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Modified back-to-back current source converter and its application to wind energy conversion systems

Abdelsalam, Ibrahim and Adam, Grain Philip and Holliday, Derrick and Williams, Barry W. (2015) Modified back-to-back current source converter and its application to wind energy conversion systems. IET Power Electronics, 8 (1). pp. 103-111. ISSN 1755-4535

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Abstract

The back-to-back (BTB) converter is used in power conversion applications such as machine drives, wind energy conversion systems (WECS), uninterruptible power supplies and high-voltage, direct current transmission systems. Various topologies have evolved around voltage source converters and current source converters (CSCs) in an attempt to meet various design and reliability constraints. This paper proposes a new CSC-based BTB converter suitable for WECS application. The proposed configuration addresses the main drawbacks of the conventional BTB CSCs, such as the over-voltage frequently experienced by switches during commutation. The inverter side converter has zero switching losses. The proposed WECS offers the following advantages: simple and easy control, reduced switching frequency and maximum power point tracking with controllable grid active and reactive power. A low-voltage ride-through (LVRT) solution is also provided in the proposed WECS. PSCAD/EMTDC simulation is used to assess the steady-state and dynamic behaviours of the proposed system under different operating conditions and during LVRT. Experimental results allow steady-state and dynamic behaviour assessment of the proposed system under different operating conditions.