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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde's Open Access research outputs. Strathprints provides access to thousands of Open Access research papers by University of Strathclyde researchers, including by researchers from the Department of Computer & Information Sciences involved in mathematically structured programming, similarity and metric search, computer security, software systems, combinatronics and digital health.

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Phosphorylation of the spliced variant forms of the recombinant stimulatory guanine-nucleotide-binding regulatory protein (Gs alpha) by protein kinase C

Pyne, N J and Freissmuth, M and Palmer, S (1992) Phosphorylation of the spliced variant forms of the recombinant stimulatory guanine-nucleotide-binding regulatory protein (Gs alpha) by protein kinase C. Biochemical journal, 285 ( Pt . pp. 333-8. ISSN 0264-6021

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Abstract

Recombinant forms of Gs alpha-1 and Gs alpha-4 were shown to act as substrates for a purified preparation of brain protein kinase C. Both forms of Gs alpha were thermally denatured during the incubation such that phosphorylation was virtually complete (greater than 90%) after 30 min. The quantity of phosphate incorporated into approximately equivalent starting amounts of the two forms of Gs alpha (4.8 pmol of Gs alpha-1 and 5.5 pmol of Gs alpha-4) at maximal phosphorylation were 0.23 +/- 0.08 pmol for Gs alpha-1 and 0.56 +/- 0.12 pmol for Gs alpha-4. Since both forms of Gs alpha were thermally denatured to the same extent after 30 min, the increased phosphorylation state of Gs alpha-4 provides evidence that Gs alpha-4 contains an additional phosphorylation site. Bray and co-workers [Bray, Carter, Simmons, Guo, Puckett, Kamhollz, Spiegel & Nirenberg (1986) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 83, 8893-8897] proposed that an additional phosphorylation site may exist at the splice junction in Gs alpha-4. The guanine-nucleotide-free form of Gs alpha appears to be the preferred substrate for phosphorylation. This interpretation is based upon the following observations. (i) Guanosine 5'-[beta-thio]diphosphate at micromolar concentrations inhibits the susceptibility of Gs alpha to phosphorylation; (ii) beta gamma-subunits, which inhibit GDP release from Gs alpha-GDP at millimolar Mg2+ concentrations, also inhibit the susceptibility of Gs alpha to phosphorylation; and (iii) guanosine 5'[beta gamma-imido]triphosphate inhibits the susceptibility of Gs alpha to act as a substrate for phosphorylation. These studies suggest that there is potential for cross-talk between receptors which trigger PtdIns(4,5)P2 hydrolysis and subsequently protein kinase C activation, and receptors which stimulate adenylate cyclase via Gs.