Picture of virus under microscope

Research under the microscope...

The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde research outputs.

Strathprints serves world leading Open Access research by the University of Strathclyde, including research by the Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences (SIPBS), where research centres such as the Industrial Biotechnology Innovation Centre (IBioIC), the Cancer Research UK Formulation Unit, SeaBioTech and the Centre for Biophotonics are based.

Explore SIPBS research

The textile firm and the management of labour: comparative perspectives on the global textile industry since c 1700

McIvor, Arthur (2010) The textile firm and the management of labour: comparative perspectives on the global textile industry since c 1700. In: A Global History of Textile Workers. Ashgate, pp. 597-619.

[img]
Preview
PDF (strathprints026383.pdf)
strathprints026383.pdf

Download (487kB) | Preview

Abstract

This paper focuses on the textile firm, providing a comparative examination of the changing patterns of organisation and behaviour amongst employers, managers, and others who controlled production in global textile manufacture since c 1700. Attention is concentrated on five issues: The first section explores labour control mechanisms within pre-industrial and proto-industrial modes of production, examining home-work, artisan and guild textile manufacture, together with the role of merchants in the 'putting-out' system. The second section investigates the textile firm in the era of the modern, mechanised factory system and the evolution of more direct and frequently authoritarian work regimes, tempered in some cases by traditions of company paternalism. The third section explores the responses of textile firms to the challenge of trade unionism and organised workers' protest movements, including the role played by employers' organisations in industrial relations, supported, in some cases, by the state. The fourth section evaluates the key changes in managerial practice in the textile firm associated with scientific management and the bureaucratisation of work in the twentieth century and the extent to which the textiles sector shared in this 'managerial revolution'. The final section makes some brief comments about international and multinational textile firms.