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Strathprints serves world leading Open Access research by the University of Strathclyde, including research by the Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences (SIPBS), where research centres such as the Industrial Biotechnology Innovation Centre (IBioIC), the Cancer Research UK Formulation Unit, SeaBioTech and the Centre for Biophotonics are based.

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Effect of maturation in small oak casks on the volatility of red wine aroma compounds

Escalona, H. and Birkmyre, L. and Piggott, J.R. and Paterson, A. (2002) Effect of maturation in small oak casks on the volatility of red wine aroma compounds. Analytica Chimica Acta, 458 (1). pp. 45-54. ISSN 0003-2670

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Abstract

Wood maturation of red wine produces complex interactions between oak extracted compounds and pre-existing components in wine. Wood contributes with some aroma volatiles; but the whole volatile fraction, including the volatiles extracted from grape or produced during fermentation, could be involved in interactions with the non-volatile fraction. Samples of red wine with increasing time of wood contact, matured in 25 l casks of new American oak, were analysed on their volatile composition both in solution and headspace, and phenolic components. There was an increase of acetic acid and acetate esters as the time of wood contact increased. On the other hand, ethyl esters decreased as the time in wood increased. Some volatiles showed different behaviour when comparing their relationship between headspace and solution from two different casks, even though they were treated as replicates. This different evolution among casks was also consistent with different evolution of phenolic compounds, suggesting that there was an interaction among the volatile fraction and phenolic components.