Picture of Open Access badges

Discover Open Access research at Strathprints

It's International Open Access Week, 24-30 October 2016. This year's theme is "Open in Action" and is all about taking meaningful steps towards opening up research and scholarship. The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde research outputs. Explore recent world leading Open Access research content by University of Strathclyde researchers and see how Strathclyde researchers are committing to putting "Open in Action".


Image: h_pampel, CC-BY

Comparison of PAM and CEA as detectors of mammary micrometastases

Anderson, J.M. and Jhunjhunwala, S.K. and Ewan, J.M. and Stimson, W.H. and Gettinby, G. (1979) Comparison of PAM and CEA as detectors of mammary micrometastases. British Journal of Cancer, 40 (2). p. 320. ISSN 0007-0920

Full text not available in this repository. (Request a copy from the Strathclyde author)


Nineteen of 61 Stage I or II mammary-cancer bearers developed conventionally detectable metastases within 8-44 (median 15) months of commencing follow-up. Serum pregnancy-associated macroglobulin (PAM, PAG, O2 PAG) rose by > 75% above baseline values before detection of metastases in all but 4 of these 19 patients and in 11/42 remaining well. The means of the maximum percentage rises in PAM were 286 for the metastatic and 67 for the well patients (P<0-01 in a Mann-Whitney U-test).