Duerr, M. and Gair, S. and Cruden, A.J. and Mcdonald, James and Hegarty, T. and Chesshire, M. (2005) Fuel cells for power generation and organic waste treatment on the island of Mull. In: International Conference on Renewable Energy and Power Quality, 2005-03-16 - 2005-03-18, Zaragoza.
In-situ use of biomass and organic waste streams have the potential to provide the key to energy self sustainability for islands and remote communities. Traditionally biogas fuels have been used in combustion engines for electric power generation. However, fuel cells offer the prospect of achieving higher generating efficiencies, and additionally, important environmental benefits can be achieved by way of mitigating greenhouse gas emissions, whilst providing a carbon sink. This paper presents the design details of a biogas gas plant and fuel cell installation that will provide a practical solution on an island (and be applicable in other remote and rural areas) where connection to the grid can be expensive, and where biofuels can be produced on site at no significant extra cost.
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