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The Strathprints institutional repository is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde research outputs.

Strathprints serves world leading Open Access research by the University of Strathclyde, including research by the Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences (SIPBS), where research centres such as the Industrial Biotechnology Innovation Centre (IBioIC), the Cancer Research UK Formulation Unit, SeaBioTech and the Centre for Biophotonics are based.

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Analysis of costimulatory molecule expression on antigen-specific T and B cells during the induction of adjuvant-induced th1 and th2 type responses

Garside, P. and Smith, K.M. and McNeil, R.C. and Brewer, J.M. (2006) Analysis of costimulatory molecule expression on antigen-specific T and B cells during the induction of adjuvant-induced th1 and th2 type responses. Vaccine, 24. pp. 3035-3043. ISSN 0264-410X

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Abstract

Previous studies show that the generation of maximal T cell responses requires B cell antigen presentation and the differential expression of costimulatory molecules by B cells may affect polarization of naïve T cells to Th1 or Th2 phenotypes. We have therefore characterized the expression of activation and costimulatory molecules on antigen-specific T and B cells following immunisation with Alum or Alum/LPS to induce Th2 or Th1 responses in vivo. While antigen-specific B cells show similar levels of activation with respect to MHCII upregulation following Th1 or Th2 induction, they differentially express costimulatory molecules. Although ICOS-B7RP-1 interactions were originally implicated in Th2 generation, surprisingly this receptor–ligand pair was only upregulated on antigen-specific T and B cells following Th1 induction. In conclusion, these studies indicate that during the generation of antigen-specific Th1 or Th2 responses, adjuvants induce differential costimulation in antigen-specific B cells that may subsequently influence T cell polarization.