Charge transport in twisted organic semiconductor crystals of modulated pitch

Yang, Yongfan and Silva de Moraes, Lygia and Ruzie, Christian and Schweicher, Guillaume and Geerts, Yves Henri and Kennedy, Alan and Kohn, RV and Zhou, Hengyu and Lee, Stephanie S and Kahr, Bart and Shtukenberg, Alexander (2022) Charge transport in twisted organic semiconductor crystals of modulated pitch. Advanced Materials, 34 (38). 2203842. ISSN 1521-4095 (https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.202203842)

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Abstract

Many molecular crystals (approximately one third) grow as twisted, helicoidal ribbons from the melt, and this preponderance is even higher in restricted classes of materials, for instance, charge-transfer complexes. Previously, twisted crystallites of such complexes present an increase in carrier mobilities. Here, the effect of twisting on charge mobility is better analyzed for a monocomponent organic semiconductor, 2,5-bis(3-dodecyl-2-thienyl)-thiazolo[5,4-d]thiazole (BDT), that forms twisted crystals with varied helicoidal pitches and makes possible a correlation of twist strength with carrier mobility. Films are analyzed by X-ray scattering and Mueller matrix polarimetry to characterize the microscale organization of the polycrystalline ensembles. Carrier mobilities of organic field-effect transistors are five times higher when the crystals are grown with the smallest pitches (most twisted), compared to those with the largest pitches, along the fiber elongation direction. A tenfold increase is observed along the perpendicular direction. Simulation of electrical potential based on scanning electron microscopy images and density functional theory suggests that the twisting-enhanced mobility is mainly controlled by the fiber organization in the film. A greater number of tightly packed twisted fibers separated by numerous smaller gaps permit better charge transport over the film surface compared to fewer big crystallites separated by larger gaps.

ORCID iDs

Yang, Yongfan, Silva de Moraes, Lygia, Ruzie, Christian, Schweicher, Guillaume, Geerts, Yves Henri, Kennedy, Alan ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3652-6015, Kohn, RV, Zhou, Hengyu, Lee, Stephanie S, Kahr, Bart and Shtukenberg, Alexander;