The effect of new urban design action on promoting the public space vitality in the inner city

Foadmarashi, Momen and Serdoura, Francisco; (2022) The effect of new urban design action on promoting the public space vitality in the inner city. In: Annual Conference Proceedings of the XXVIII International Seminar on Urban Form. University of Strathclyde Publishing, Glasgow, pp. 1253-1260. ISBN 9781914241161

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The pedestrian movement across the public space is a key factor to investigate the increasing capability of growth of public space vitality, its interaction between people, land uses and economic activities in the inner city as a compact urban area. Vitality of the public space is based on how friendly and attractive an area is to walk; has an important role in Persian culture through the time and it reaches to highly importance when the social interfaces in the inner city mostly take place in spaces like Bazaar. For the Persian urban society, Bazaar is a place formed by covered and uncovered spaces work as a centre where public life transpires because of social-cultural and economic interactions. The Urmia Bazaar had played this substantial role as a place for daily/weekly interaction between different socioeconomic classes for centuries since the city was inside walls and through the new modernizations changes in inner city following the growth in 20th century. New urban planning movements in the beginning of last century following the rapid growth of the city and changes in the urban fabric of the inner city affect the uses of public space in both covered and uncovered spaces. This study tries to develop on one hand, comparing the pedestrian mobility based on the proportion of urban natural movement resulted by the urban network configuration as Hillier et al (1993) defined. On the other hand, it studies different periods of the inner city, surrounded by wall and after of the new changes in the layout of the city to analyses how these changes affects the pedestrian movement and the liveliness increase the vitality of the Bazaar and the surroundings public spaces. It allows to understand how new urban configuration affects the soft mobility and the vitality of the public space.