The form of the informal : a type-morphological analysis of the urban fabric of Paraisopolis favela

Tessari, Alessandro and Benatti Alvin, Angelica; (2022) The form of the informal : a type-morphological analysis of the urban fabric of Paraisopolis favela. In: Annual Conference Proceedings of the XXVIII International Seminar on Urban Form. University of Strathclyde Publishing, Glasgow, pp. 695-702. ISBN 9781914241161

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The present work, in development at FAU-Mackenzie in São Paulo under the supervision of Prof. Angelica Benatti Alvim, continues the author's research carried out in Rio de Janeiro and published in the book INFORMAL ROOTING. AN OPEN ATLAS (Tessari, 2020). The focus of the work is the analysis of the morphological and typological configuration of Paraisópolis favela, located in the southwest part of the municipality of São Paulo, from the theoretical and conceptual framework of Urban Morphology, especially from the type-morphological or process typological approach (Kropft, 2009) also known as the Italian School (Moudon, 1997). The main objective of this work is the identification of morphological and typological patterns both public and private dimensions of favelas specifically in Paraisopolis. Starting from the realization that, on a global level, a process of "rooting" of favelas in the metropolises that are structured on themselves is at work, they remain and sediment in the collective imagination, producing an unprecedented sociocultural mutation; in other words, the physical structure of favelas, today, assumes the logic of stabilization and reorganization (Tessari, 2016). The research is divided into two stages: 1) macro territorial scale - verifying the growth and expansion relations of the Paraisopolis favela in interface with the expansion of the metropolis; 2) local micro-scale - to identify and understand the spatial micro-transformations and the evolution syntax of the urban fabric of the favela, responsible for the articulation of the different parts with each other and with the whole. The final product aims to build an unprecedented catalogue that brings together urban forms and spaces generated in the favela, which can be used as an instrument of knowledge and rigorous interpretation of informality.

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