Hydrodynamic damping of solid and perforated heave plates oscillating at low KC number based on experimental data : a review

Ezoji, Mojtaba and Shabakhty, Naser and Tao, Longbin (2022) Hydrodynamic damping of solid and perforated heave plates oscillating at low KC number based on experimental data : a review. Ocean Engineering, 253. 111247. ISSN 0029-8018 (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oceaneng.2022.111247)

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Abstract

Heave plates exert a unique influence on the motions of marine structures floating in seas or oceans. Due to their low thickness and sharp edges, the hydrodynamic performance of these plates is influenced by such physical and oscillatory parameters as the Keulegan–Carpenter (KC) number, frequency, perforation ratio, cavity arrangement, cavity size, plate thickness, and proximity to free surface and sea floor. The present study tries to present an understanding of the hydrodynamic behavior of solid and perforated heave plates at low KC number by analyzing the flow regime and the related equations. Assessments have shown that at low a KC number, where the amplitude of oscillations is limited, the viscous damping derived from flow separation is proportionate to the area of the edges. Therefore, compared to solid plates, increasing the lengths of the edges by creating inner edges increases the viscous damping of these plates. Hence, in addition to solid plates, the performance of perforated plates has also been evaluated in this study. In this study, in addition to the other parameters, a new parameter – i.e., plate edges area-to-plate area ratio (Re/a) – has been used as basis to compare the results. Also, by investigating the experimental data of different researchers, a comprehensive study of the performance of heave plates will be provided. Finally, the parameters necessary for a better understanding of the hydrodynamic performance of these plates and the damping caused by the oscillations of a floating body in fluid will also be discussed.

ORCID iDs

Ezoji, Mojtaba, Shabakhty, Naser and Tao, Longbin ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8389-7209;