Precision design of antimicrobial surfaces

Mullen, Declan C. and Wan, Xing and Takala, Timo M. and Saris, Per E. and Moreira, V. M. (2021) Precision design of antimicrobial surfaces. Frontiers in Medical Technology, 3. 640929. (

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The overall expectation from an antimicrobial surface has been high considering the need for efficiency in preventing the attachment and growth of pathogenic microbes, durability, safety to both humans and environment as well as cost-effectiveness. To date, antimicrobial surface design has been mostly conducted liberally, without rigorous consideration of establishing robust structure-activity relationships for each design strategy or of the use intended for a specific antimicrobial material. However, the variability among the domain bacteria, which is the most diverse of all, alongside the highly dynamic nature of the bacteria-surface interface have taught us that the likelihood of finding universal antimicrobial surfaces is low. In this perspective we discuss some of the current hurdles faced by research in this promising field, emphasizing the relevance and complexity of probing the bacteria-surface interface, and explain why we feel it would greatly benefit from a more streamlined ad-hoc approach.


Mullen, Declan C., Wan, Xing, Takala, Timo M., Saris, Per E. and Moreira, V. M. ORCID logoORCID:;