Floating offshore vertical axis wind turbines : opportunities, challenges and way forward

Arredondo-Galeana, Abel and Brennan, Feargal (2021) Floating offshore vertical axis wind turbines : opportunities, challenges and way forward. Energies, 14 (23). 8000. ISSN 1996-1073 (https://doi.org/10.3390/en14238000)

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The offshore wind sector is expanding to deep water locations through floating platforms. This poses challenges to horizontal axis wind turbines (HAWTs) due to the ever growing size of blades and floating support structures. As such, maintaining the structural integrity and reducing the levelised cost of energy (LCoE) of floating HAWTs seems increasingly difficult. An alternative to these challenges could be found in floating offshore vertical axis wind turbines (VAWTs). It is known that VAWTs have certain advantages over HAWTs, and in fact, some small-scale developers have successfully commercialised their onshore prototypes. In contrast, it remains unknown whether VAWTs can offer an advantage for deep water floating offshore wind farms. Therefore, here we present a multi-criteria review of different aspects of VAWTs to address this question. It is found that wind farm power density and reliability could be decisive factors to make VAWTs a feasible alternative for deep water floating arrays. Finally, we propose a way forward based on the findings of this review.


Arredondo-Galeana, Abel ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2408-7062 and Brennan, Feargal ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0952-6167;