Detection of the deep-sea plankton community in marine ecosystem with underwater robotic platform

Wang, Jiaxing and Yang, Mingqiang and Ding, Zhongjun and Zheng, Qinghe and Wang, Deqiang and Kpalma, Kidiyo and Ren, Jinchang (2021) Detection of the deep-sea plankton community in marine ecosystem with underwater robotic platform. Sensors, 21 (20). 6720. ISSN 1424-8220

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    Abstract

    Variations in the quantity of plankton impact the entire marine ecosystem. It is of great significance to accurately assess the dynamic evolution of the plankton for monitoring the marine environment and global climate change. In this paper, a novel method is introduced for deep-sea plankton community detection in marine ecosystem using an underwater robotic platform. The videos were sampled at a distance of 1.5 m from the ocean floor, with a focal length of 1.5–2.5 m. The optical flow field is used to detect plankton community. We showed that for each of the moving plankton that do not overlap in space in two consecutive video frames, the time gradient of the spatial position of the plankton are opposite to each other in two consecutive optical flow fields. Further, the lateral and vertical gradients have the same value and orientation in two consecutive optical flow fields. Accordingly, moving plankton can be accurately detected under the complex dynamic background in the deep-sea environment. Experimental comparison with manual ground-truth fully validated the efficacy of the proposed methodology, which outperforms six state-of-the-art approaches.

    ORCID iDs

    Wang, Jiaxing, Yang, Mingqiang, Ding, Zhongjun, Zheng, Qinghe, Wang, Deqiang, Kpalma, Kidiyo and Ren, Jinchang ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6116-3194;