A practical compact source of heralded single photons for a simple detection LIDAR

Mrozowski, Mateusz P. and Jeffers, John and Pritchard, Jonathan D. (2021) A practical compact source of heralded single photons for a simple detection LIDAR. Proceedings of SPIE, 11835. 1183508. ISSN 0277-786X

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    Abstract

    Optical quantum technologies such as quantum sensing, quantum cryptography and quantum computation all utilize properties of non-classical light, such as precise photon-number and entangled photon-pair states, to surpass technologies based on the classical light. A common route for obtaining heralded single photons is spontaneous four-wave mixing in optical fibers, allowing for a well-defined spatial mode, for high efficiency integration into optical fiber networks. These fibers are typically pumped using large, commercial, pulsed lasers requiring high-power (~10 W) pump lasers and are limited to ~MHz repetition rate. Here we propose a cost- efficient, compact and mobile alternative. Photon pairs at 660 nm and 960 nm will be created using four-wave mixing in commercial birefringent optical fiber, pumped using transform limited picosecond pulses with GHz repetition rates derived from a 785 nm CW laser diode using cavity-enhanced optical frequency comb generation. The pulses are predicted to have average power of 275 mW, a peak power of >40 W, and predicted photon yield of >2000 pairs detected per second. This design will be later utilized to implement a quantum illumination scheme based on a coincidence count between idler and signal photons -- instead of joint measurement between signal and idler. This will allow for quantum advantage over classic LIDAR without the requirement for maintaining an interferometric stability in free space.

    ORCID iDs

    Mrozowski, Mateusz P., Jeffers, John ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8573-1675 and Pritchard, Jonathan D. ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2172-7340;