Mechanical properties and microstructure of low carbon binders manufactured from calcined canal sediments and ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBS)

Sadok, Rachid Hadj and Maherzi, Walid and Benzerzour, Mahfoud and Lord, Richard and Torrance, Keith and Zambon, Agnes and Abriak, Nor-Edine (2021) Mechanical properties and microstructure of low carbon binders manufactured from calcined canal sediments and ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBS). Sustainability, 13 (16). 9057. ISSN 2071-1050

[thumbnail of Sadok-etal-Sustainability-2021-Mechanical-properties-and-microstructure-of-low-carbon-binders]
Preview
Text (Sadok-etal-Sustainability-2021-Mechanical-properties-and-microstructure-of-low-carbon-binders)
Sadok_etal_Sustainability_2021_Mechanical_properties_and_microstructure_of_low_carbon_binders.pdf
Final Published Version
License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 logo

Download (9MB)| Preview

    Abstract

    This research study evaluated the effects of adding Scottish canal sediment after calcination at 750 °C in combination with GGBS on hydration, strength and microstructural properties in ternary cement mixtures in order to reduce their carbon footprint (CO2) and cost. A series of physico-chemical, hydration heat, mechanic performance, mercury porosity and microstructure tests or observations was performed in order to evaluate the fresh and hardened properties. The physical and chemical characterisation of the calcined sediments revealed good pozzolanic properties that could be valorised as a potential co-product in the cement industry. The results obtained for mortars with various percentages of calcined sediment confirmed that this represents a previously unrecognised potential source of high reactivity pozzolanic materials. The evolution of the compressive strength for the different types of mortars based on the partial substitution of cement by slag and calcined sediments showed a linear increase in compressive strength for 90 days. The best compressive strengths and porosity were observed in mortars composed of 50% cement, 40% slag and 10% calcined sediment (CSS10%) after 90 days. In conclusion, the addition of calcined canal sediments as an artificial pozzolanic material could improve strength and save significant amounts of energy or greenhouse gas emissions, while potentially contributing to Scotland's ambitious 2045 net zero target and reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 in the UK and Europe.

    ORCID iDs

    Sadok, Rachid Hadj, Maherzi, Walid, Benzerzour, Mahfoud, Lord, Richard ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5737-5140, Torrance, Keith ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2396-6575, Zambon, Agnes and Abriak, Nor-Edine;