A gap analysis of ship-recycling practices in Indonesia

Sunaryo, Sunaryo and Djatmiko, Eko and Fariya, Siti and Kurt, Rafet and Gunbeyaz, Sefer (2021) A gap analysis of ship-recycling practices in Indonesia. Recycling, 6 (3). 48. ISSN 2313-4321 (https://doi.org/10.3390/recycling6030048)

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Ship recycling is gaining attention in Indonesia due to the increase in end-of-life ships and uneconomical nationally flagged ships, and is considered a prospective source of economic development and employment opportunity, and yet conceivably poses a threat to the health and safety of workers and the environment. There are international and national regulations that govern ship-recycling activities to ensure that the hazardous impacts of the industry are minimized. We investigated the disparity between current ship-breaking practices in Indonesia and the requirements of related international and national regulations, with the findings intended for use as a stepping stone to proposing a strategy to establish a green and sustainable ship-recycling industry. A benchmark study of the world’s leading ship-recycling countries was conducted, and a gap analysis was performed by comparing existing international and national regulations with current ship-breaking practices in Indonesia. We identified two types of ship-breaking practices in Indonesia: Conventional environmentally unfriendly ship-breaking method, conducted by most Indonesian ship-breaking yards, and a rather modern, more environmentally friendly method, conducted by ship-repair yards. However, neither of the practices met the requirements of the regulations, and improvements are therefore needed to make the ship-recycling industry more green and sustainable, and to gain international recognition.


Sunaryo, Sunaryo, Djatmiko, Eko, Fariya, Siti, Kurt, Rafet ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5923-0703 and Gunbeyaz, Sefer ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5624-1845;