Radiation reaction and the acceleration-dependent mass increase of a charged sphere undergoing uniform acceleration

Kang, Teyoun and Noble, Adam and Yoffe, Samuel R. and Jaroszynski, Dino A. and Hur, Min Sup (2021) Radiation reaction and the acceleration-dependent mass increase of a charged sphere undergoing uniform acceleration. Physics Letters A, 407. 127445. ISSN 0375-9601

[thumbnail of Kang-etal-PLA-2021-Radiation-reaction-and-the-acceleration-dependent-mass-increase-of-a-charged-sphere] Text. Filename: Kang_etal_PLA_2021_Radiation_reaction_and_the_acceleration_dependent_mass_increase_of_a_charged_sphere.pdf
Accepted Author Manuscript
Restricted to Repository staff only until 20 May 2022.
License: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 logo

Download (146kB) | Request a copy

    Abstract

    Photon emission from a uniformly accelerated charge is among the most mysterious physical phenomena. Theories based on the Lorentz-Abraham-Dirac equation mostly conclude that a uniformly accelerated point charge cannot feel radiation reaction. Such a conclusion suggests that the origin of the photon energy is unclear. In this paper, we determine the self-force of a uniformly accelerated charged sphere using the Lorentz force equation, with an assumption that the sphere is Lorentz-contracted during the acceleration. For large acceleration, the calculated self-force converges to the radiation reaction (given by the Larmor formula) via a new factor γa, which describes an acceleration-dependent increase in the effective mass. This increased mass makes it harder to accelerate the particle (compared to a point-charge), which means more energy should be provided to the particle in order to get the expected acceleration. This extra energy can be interpreted as the origin of the photon energy.

    ORCID iDs

    Kang, Teyoun, Noble, Adam ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8181-7076, Yoffe, Samuel R. ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6723-4990, Jaroszynski, Dino A. ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3006-5492 and Hur, Min Sup;