Efficient bright γ-ray vortex emission from a laser-illuminated light-fan-in-channel target

Zhang, Hao and Zhao, Jie and Hu, Yanting and Li, Qianni and Lu, Yu and Cao, Yue and Zou, Debin and Sheng, Zhengming and Pegoraro, Francesco and McKenna, Paul and Shao, Fuqiu and Yu, Tongpu (2021) Efficient bright γ-ray vortex emission from a laser-illuminated light-fan-in-channel target. High Power Laser Science and Engineering. ISSN 2095-4719

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    Abstract

    X/ γ -ray have many potential applications in laboratory astrophysics and particle physics. Although several methods have been proposed for generating electron, positron and X/ γ -photon beams with angular momentum (AM), the generation of an ultra-intense brilliant γ -ray is still challenging. Here, we present an all-optical scheme to generate a high energy γ -photon beam with large beam angular momentum (BAM), small divergence, and high brilliance. In the first stage, a circularly-polarized laser pulse with intensity of W/cm irradiates a micro-channel target, drags out electrons from the channel wall and accelerates them to high energies via the longitudinal electric fields. During the process, the laser transfers its spin angular momentum (SAM) to the electrons' orbital angular momentum (OAM). In the second stage, the drive pulse is reflected by the attached fan-foil and a vortex laser pulse is thus formed. In the third stage, the energetic electrons collide head-on with the reflected vortex pulse and transfer their AM to the -photons via nonlinear Compton scattering. Three-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations show that the peak brilliance of the γ -ray beam is ~ 10 22 photons/s/mm2/mrad2 /0.1% BW at 1 MeV with a peak instantaneous power of 25 TW and averaged BAM of 10δћ /photon. The angular momentum conversion efficiency from laser to the γ -photons is unprecedentedly 0.67

    ORCID iDs

    Zhang, Hao, Zhao, Jie, Hu, Yanting, Li, Qianni, Lu, Yu, Cao, Yue, Zou, Debin, Sheng, Zhengming ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8823-9993, Pegoraro, Francesco, McKenna, Paul ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8061-7091, Shao, Fuqiu and Yu, Tongpu;