Different responses of the blockade of the P2Y1 receptor with BPTU in human and porcine intestinal tissues and in cell cultures

Traserra, Sara and Barber, Claudia and MacInnes, Jane and Relea, Lucia and MacPherson, Lewis C. and Cunningham, Margaret R. and Vergara, Patri and Accarino, Anna and Kennedy, Charles and Jimenez, Marcel (2021) Different responses of the blockade of the P2Y1 receptor with BPTU in human and porcine intestinal tissues and in cell cultures. Neurogastroenterology and Motility, 33 (7). e14101. ISSN 1350-1925

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    Abstract

    Background: Gastrointestinal smooth muscle relaxation is accomplished by activation of P2Y 1 receptors, therefore this receptor plays an important role in regulation of gut motility. Recently, BPTU was developed as a negative allosteric modulator of the P2Y 1 receptor. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to assess the effect of BPTU on purinergic neurotransmission in pig and human gastrointestinal tissues. Methods: Ca 2+ imaging in tSA201 cells that express the human P2Y 1 receptor, organ bath and microelectrodes in tissues were used to evaluate the effects of BPTU on purinergic responses. Key results: BPTU concentration dependently (0.1 and 1 µmol L −1) inhibited the rise in intracellular Ca 2+ evoked by ADP in tSA201 cells. In the pig small intestine, 30 µmol L −1 BPTU reduced the fast inhibitory junction potential by 80%. Smooth muscle relaxations induced by electrical field stimulation were reduced both in pig ileum (EC 50 = 6 µmol L −1) and colon (EC 50 = 35 µmol L −1), but high concentrations of BPTU (up to 100 µmol L −1) had no effect on human colonic muscle. MRS2500 (1 µmol L −1) abolished all responses. Finally, 10 µmol L −1 ADPβS inhibited spontaneous motility and this was partially reversed by 30 µmol L −1 BPTU in pig, but not human colonic tissue and abolished by MRS2500 (1 µmol L −1). Conclusions & inferences: BPTU blocks purinergic responses elicited via P2Y 1 receptors in cell cultures and in pig gastrointestinal tissue. However, the concentrations needed are higher in pig tissue compared to cell cultures and BPTU was ineffective in human colonic tissue.

    ORCID iDs

    Traserra, Sara, Barber, Claudia, MacInnes, Jane, Relea, Lucia, MacPherson, Lewis C., Cunningham, Margaret R. ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6454-8671, Vergara, Patri, Accarino, Anna, Kennedy, Charles ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9661-5437 and Jimenez, Marcel;