Development of a pediatric relative bioavailability/bioequivalence database and identification of putative risk factors associated with evaluation of pediatric oral products

Pawar, Gopal and Wu, Fang and Zhao, Liang and Fang, Lanyan and Burckhart, Gilbert J. and Feng, Kairui and Mousa, Youssef M. and Neuman, Franci and Batchelor, Hannah K. (2021) Development of a pediatric relative bioavailability/bioequivalence database and identification of putative risk factors associated with evaluation of pediatric oral products. AAPS Journal, 23. 57. ISSN 1550-7416

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    Abstract

    Generally, bioequivalence (BE) studies of drug products for pediatric patients are conducted in adults due to ethical reasons. Given the lack of direct BE assessment in pediatric populations, the aim of this work is to develop a database of BE and relative bioavailability (relative BA) studies conducted in pediatric populations and to enable the identification of risk factors associated with certain drug substances or products that may lead to failed BE or different pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters in relative BA studies in pediatrics. A literature search from 1965 to 2020 was conducted in PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar to identify BE studies conducted in pediatric populations and relative BA studies conducted in pediatric populations. Overall, 79 studies covering 37 active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) were included in the database: 4 bioequivalence studies with data that passed BE evaluations; 2 studies showed bioinequivalence results; 34 relative BA studies showing comparable PK parameters, and 39 relative BA studies showing differences in PK parameters between test and reference products. Based on the above studies, common putative risk factors associated with differences in relative bioavailability (DRBA) in pediatric populations include age-related absorption effects, high inter-individual variability, and poor study design. A database containing 79 clinical studies on BE or relative BA in pediatrics has been developed. Putative risk factors associated with DRBA in pediatric populations are summarized.

    ORCID iDs

    Pawar, Gopal, Wu, Fang, Zhao, Liang, Fang, Lanyan, Burckhart, Gilbert J., Feng, Kairui, Mousa, Youssef M., Neuman, Franci and Batchelor, Hannah K. ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8729-9951;