Meidan, V.M. and Michniak, B.B. and Thakur, R.A.; Sinko, Patrick J., ed. (2006) Biomaterials. In: Martin's Physical Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 5th Edition. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, pp. 585-628. ISBN 078175027X

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A biomaterial is essentially a material that is used and adapted for a medical application. Biomaterials can have a benign function, such as being used for a heart valve, or may be bioactive . Used for a more interactive purpose such as hydroxy-apatite coated hip implants (the Furlong Hip, by Joint Replacement Instrumentation Ltd, Sheffield is one such example - such implants are lasting upwards of twenty years). Biomaterials are also used every day in dental applications, surgery, and drug delivery (a construct with impregnated pharmaceutical products can be placed into the body, which permits the prolonged release of a drug over an extended period of time).