Numerical investigation of marine propeller underwater radiated noise using acoustic analogy part 2 : the influence of eddy viscosity turbulence models

Sezen, Savas and Cosgun, Taner and Yurtseven, Ahmet and Atlar, Mehmet (2021) Numerical investigation of marine propeller underwater radiated noise using acoustic analogy part 2 : the influence of eddy viscosity turbulence models. Ocean Engineering, 220. 108353. ISSN 0029-8018

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    Abstract

    The present study focuses on the impact of eddy viscosity turbulence models on the benchmark INSEAN E779A marine propeller hydroacoustic performance under non-cavitating and open water conditions. In the numerical calculations, Realisable k-epsilon (k-ε), k-ω Shear Stress Transport (k-ω SST) and Spalart-Allmaras turbulence models, which are widely used in hydrodynamic fields, are selected. Hydroacoustic performance of the model propeller is predicted with the porous FW-H formulation coupled with Reynolds-averaged Navier Stokes (RANS) solver. This study aims to show the effects of different turbulence models on marine propeller hydroacoustic performance at high and low blade loading conditions both in the near and far-fields. The numerical results show that the underwater radiated noise (URN) levels, which are predicted by using different eddy viscosity turbulence models together with the porous FW-H formulation, are found to be similar at low blade loading conditions. The reason behind this similarity is due to the analogous wake structure and hydrodynamic field. However, when the propeller loading is high, the propeller's wake loses its stability; hence, the coherent vortex structures break-up and evolve into the far-field of the propeller's slipstream. The instability process of the propeller's wake is predicted in a different manner by eddy viscosity turbulence models, and these differences cause dissimilar prediction of the URN in the far-field. Consequently, the underwater pressure field is considerably affected by the instability of the vortex structures (as a non-linear noise source) for far-field noise estimations. As a result, vortex instability in the propeller's slipstream might be the main noise source of the URN for far-field noise estimations under non-cavitating and high blade loading conditions.