To which world regions does the valence–dominance model of social perception apply?

Jones, Benedict C. and DeBruine, Lisa M. and Flake, Jessica K. and Liuzza, Marco Tullio and Antfolk, Jan and Arinze, Nwadiogo C. and Ndukaihe, Izuchukwu L.G. and Bloxsom, Nicholas G. and Lewis, Savannah C. and Foroni, Francesco and Willis, Megan L. and Cubillas, Carmelo P. and Vadillo, Miguel A. and Turiegano, Enrique and Gilead, Michael and Simchon, Almog and Saribay, S. Adil and Owsley, Nicholas C. and Jang, Chaning and Mburu, Georgina and Calvillo, Dustin P. and Wlodarczyk, Anna and Qi, Yue and Ariyabuddhiphongs, Kris and Jarukasemthawee, Somboon and Manley, Harry and Suavansri, Panita and Taephant, Nattasuda and Stolier, Ryan M. and Evans, Thomas R. and Bonick, Judson and Lindemans, Jan W. and Ashworth, Logan F. and Hahn, Amanda C. and Chevallier, Coralie and Kapucu, Aycan and Karaaslan, Aslan and Leongómez, Juan David and Sánchez, Oscar R. and Valderrama, Eugenio and Vásquez-Amézquita, Milena and Hajdu, Nandor and Aczel, Balazs and Szecsi, Peter and Andreychik, Michael and Musser, Erica D. and Batres, Carlota and Hu, Chuan Peng and Liu, Qing Lan and Legate, Nicole and Vaughn, Leigh Ann and Barzykowski, Krystian and Golik, Karolina and Schmid, Irina and Stieger, Stefan and Artner, Richard and Mues, Chiel and Vanpaemel, Wolf and Jiang, Zhongqing and Wu, Qi and Marcu, Gabriela M. and Stephen, Ian D. and Lu, Jackson G. and Philipp, Michael C. and Arnal, Jack D. and Hehman, Eric and Xie, Sally Y. and Chopik, William J. and Seehuus, Martin and Azouaghe, Soufian and Belhaj, Abdelkarim and Elouafa, Jamal and Wilson, John P. and Kruse, Elliott and Papadatou-Pastou, Marietta and De La Rosa-Gómez, Anabel and Barba-Sánchez, Alan E. and González-Santoyo, Isaac and Hsu, Tsuyueh and Kung, Chun Chia and Wang, Hsiao Hsin and Freeman, Jonathan B. and Oh, Dong Won and Schei, Vidar and Sverdrup, Therese E. and Levitan, Carmel A. and Cook, Corey L. and Chandel, Priyanka and Kujur, Pratibha and Parganiha, Arti and Parveen, Noorshama and Pati, Atanu Kumar and Pradhan, Sraddha and Singh, Margaret M. and Pande, Babita and Bavolar, Jozef and Kačmár, Pavol and Zakharov, Ilya and Álvarez-Solas, Sara and Baskin, Ernest and Thirkettle, Martin and Schmidt, Kathleen and Christopherson, Cody D. and Leonis, Trinity and Suchow, Jordan W. and Olofsson, Jonas K. and Jernsäther, Teodor and Lee, Ai Suan and Beaudry, Jennifer L. and Gogan, Taylor D. and Oldmeadow, Julian A. and Balas, Benjamin and Stevens, Laura M. and Colloff, Melissa F. and Flowe, Heather D. and Gülgöz, Sami and Brandt, Mark J. and Hoyer, Karlijn and Jaeger, Bastian and Ren, Dongning and Sleegers, Willem W.A. and Wissink, Joeri and Kaminski, Gwenaël and Floerke, Victoria A. and Urry, Heather L. and Chen, Sau Chin and Pfuhl, Gerit and Vally, Zahir and Basnight-Brown, Dana M. and Jzerman, Hans I. and Sarda, Elisa and Neyroud, Lison and Badidi, Touhami and Van der Linden, Nicolas and Tan, Chrystalle B.Y. and Kovic, Vanja and Sampaio, Waldir and Ferreira, Paulo and Santos, Diana and Burin, Debora I. and Gardiner, Gwendolyn and Protzko, John and Schild, Christoph and Ścigała, Karolina A. and Zettler, Ingo and O’Mara Kunz, Erin M. and Storage, Daniel and Wagemans, Fieke M.A. and Saunders, Blair and Sirota, Miroslav and Sloane, Guyan V. and Lima, Tiago J.S. and Uittenhove, Kim and Vergauwe, Evie and Jaworska, Katarzyna and Stern, Julia and Ask, Karl and van Zyl, Casper J.J. and Körner, Anita and Weissgerber, Sophia C. and Boudesseul, Jordane and Ruiz-Dodobara, Fernando and Ritchie, Kay L. and Michalak, Nicholas M. and Blake, Khandis R. and White, David and Gordon-Finlayson, Alasdair R. and Anne, Michele and Janssen, Steve M.J. and Lee, Kean Mun and Nielsen, Tonje K. and Tamnes, Christian K. and Zickfeld, Janis H. and Rosa, Anna Dalla and Vianello, Michelangelo and Kocsor, Ferenc and Kozma, Luca and Putz, Ádám and Tressoldi, Patrizio and Irrazabal, Natalia and Chatard, Armand and Lins, Samuel and Pinto, Isabel R. and Lutz, Johannes and Adamkovic, Matus and Babincak, Peter and Baník, Gabriel and Ropovik, Ivan and Coetzee, Vinet and Dixson, Barnaby J.W. and Ribeiro, Gianni and Peters, Kim and Steffens, Niklas K. and Tan, Kok Wei and Thorstenson, Christopher A. and Fernandez, Ana Maria and Hsu, Rafael M.C.S. and Valentova, Jaroslava V. and Varella, Marco A.C. and Corral-Frías, Nadia S. and Frías-Armenta, Martha and Hatami, Javad and Monajem, Arash and Sharifian, Mohammad Hasan and Frohlich, Brooke and Lin, Hause and Inzlicht, Michael and Alaei, Ravin and Rule, Nicholas O. and Lamm, Claus and Pronizius, Ekaterina and Voracek, Martin and Olsen, Jerome and Giolla, Erik Mac and Akgoz, Aysegul and Özdoğru, Asil A. and Crawford, Matthew T. and Bennett-Day, Brooke and Koehn, Monica A. and Okan, Ceylan and Gill, Tripat and Miller, Jeremy K. and Dunham, Yarrow and Yang, Xin and Alper, Sinan and Borras-Guevara, Martha Lucia and Cai, Sun Jun and Tiantian, Dong and Danvers, Alexander F. and Feinberg, David R. and Armstrong, Marie M. and Gilboa-Schechtman, Eva and McCarthy, Randy J. and Muñoz-Reyes, Jose Antonio and Polo, Pablo and Shiramazu, Victor K.M. and Yan, Wen Jing and Carvalho, Lilian and Forscher, Patrick S. and Chartier, Christopher R. and Coles, Nicholas A. (2021) To which world regions does the valence–dominance model of social perception apply? Nature Human Behaviour, 5 (1). pp. 159-169. ISSN 2397-3374

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    Abstract

    Abstract: Over the past 10 years, Oosterhof and Todorov’s valence–dominance model has emerged as the most prominent account of how people evaluate faces on social dimensions. In this model, two dimensions (valence and dominance) underpin social judgements of faces. Because this model has primarily been developed and tested in Western regions, it is unclear whether these findings apply to other regions. We addressed this question by replicating Oosterhof and Todorov’s methodology across 11 world regions, 41 countries and 11,570 participants. When we used Oosterhof and Todorov’s original analysis strategy, the valence–dominance model generalized across regions. When we used an alternative methodology to allow for correlated dimensions, we observed much less generalization. Collectively, these results suggest that, while the valence–dominance model generalizes very well across regions when dimensions are forced to be orthogonal, regional differences are revealed when we use different extraction methods and correlate and rotate the dimension reduction solution. Protocol registration: The stage 1 protocol for this Registered Report was accepted in principle on 5 November 2018. The protocol, as accepted by the journal, can be found at https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.7611443.v1.

    ORCID iDs

    Jones, Benedict C. ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7777-0220, DeBruine, Lisa M., Flake, Jessica K., Liuzza, Marco Tullio, Antfolk, Jan, Arinze, Nwadiogo C., Ndukaihe, Izuchukwu L.G., Bloxsom, Nicholas G., Lewis, Savannah C., Foroni, Francesco, Willis, Megan L., Cubillas, Carmelo P., Vadillo, Miguel A., Turiegano, Enrique, Gilead, Michael, Simchon, Almog, Saribay, S. Adil, Owsley, Nicholas C., Jang, Chaning, Mburu, Georgina, Calvillo, Dustin P., Wlodarczyk, Anna, Qi, Yue, Ariyabuddhiphongs, Kris, Jarukasemthawee, Somboon, Manley, Harry, Suavansri, Panita, Taephant, Nattasuda, Stolier, Ryan M., Evans, Thomas R., Bonick, Judson, Lindemans, Jan W., Ashworth, Logan F., Hahn, Amanda C., Chevallier, Coralie, Kapucu, Aycan, Karaaslan, Aslan, Leongómez, Juan David, Sánchez, Oscar R., Valderrama, Eugenio, Vásquez-Amézquita, Milena, Hajdu, Nandor, Aczel, Balazs, Szecsi, Peter, Andreychik, Michael, Musser, Erica D., Batres, Carlota, Hu, Chuan Peng, Liu, Qing Lan, Legate, Nicole, Vaughn, Leigh Ann, Barzykowski, Krystian, Golik, Karolina, Schmid, Irina, Stieger, Stefan, Artner, Richard, Mues, Chiel, Vanpaemel, Wolf, Jiang, Zhongqing, Wu, Qi, Marcu, Gabriela M., Stephen, Ian D., Lu, Jackson G., Philipp, Michael C., Arnal, Jack D., Hehman, Eric, Xie, Sally Y., Chopik, William J., Seehuus, Martin, Azouaghe, Soufian, Belhaj, Abdelkarim, Elouafa, Jamal, Wilson, John P., Kruse, Elliott, Papadatou-Pastou, Marietta, De La Rosa-Gómez, Anabel, Barba-Sánchez, Alan E., González-Santoyo, Isaac, Hsu, Tsuyueh, Kung, Chun Chia, Wang, Hsiao Hsin, Freeman, Jonathan B., Oh, Dong Won, Schei, Vidar, Sverdrup, Therese E., Levitan, Carmel A., Cook, Corey L., Chandel, Priyanka, Kujur, Pratibha, Parganiha, Arti, Parveen, Noorshama, Pati, Atanu Kumar, Pradhan, Sraddha, Singh, Margaret M., Pande, Babita, Bavolar, Jozef, Kačmár, Pavol, Zakharov, Ilya, Álvarez-Solas, Sara, Baskin, Ernest, Thirkettle, Martin, Schmidt, Kathleen, Christopherson, Cody D., Leonis, Trinity, Suchow, Jordan W., Olofsson, Jonas K., Jernsäther, Teodor, Lee, Ai Suan, Beaudry, Jennifer L., Gogan, Taylor D., Oldmeadow, Julian A., Balas, Benjamin, Stevens, Laura M., Colloff, Melissa F., Flowe, Heather D., Gülgöz, Sami, Brandt, Mark J., Hoyer, Karlijn, Jaeger, Bastian, Ren, Dongning, Sleegers, Willem W.A., Wissink, Joeri, Kaminski, Gwenaël, Floerke, Victoria A., Urry, Heather L., Chen, Sau Chin, Pfuhl, Gerit, Vally, Zahir, Basnight-Brown, Dana M., Jzerman, Hans I., Sarda, Elisa, Neyroud, Lison, Badidi, Touhami, Van der Linden, Nicolas, Tan, Chrystalle B.Y., Kovic, Vanja, Sampaio, Waldir, Ferreira, Paulo, Santos, Diana, Burin, Debora I., Gardiner, Gwendolyn, Protzko, John, Schild, Christoph, Ścigała, Karolina A., Zettler, Ingo, O’Mara Kunz, Erin M., Storage, Daniel, Wagemans, Fieke M.A., Saunders, Blair, Sirota, Miroslav, Sloane, Guyan V., Lima, Tiago J.S., Uittenhove, Kim, Vergauwe, Evie, Jaworska, Katarzyna, Stern, Julia, Ask, Karl, van Zyl, Casper J.J., Körner, Anita, Weissgerber, Sophia C., Boudesseul, Jordane, Ruiz-Dodobara, Fernando, Ritchie, Kay L., Michalak, Nicholas M., Blake, Khandis R., White, David, Gordon-Finlayson, Alasdair R., Anne, Michele, Janssen, Steve M.J., Lee, Kean Mun, Nielsen, Tonje K., Tamnes, Christian K., Zickfeld, Janis H., Rosa, Anna Dalla, Vianello, Michelangelo, Kocsor, Ferenc, Kozma, Luca, Putz, Ádám, Tressoldi, Patrizio, Irrazabal, Natalia, Chatard, Armand, Lins, Samuel, Pinto, Isabel R., Lutz, Johannes, Adamkovic, Matus, Babincak, Peter, Baník, Gabriel, Ropovik, Ivan, Coetzee, Vinet, Dixson, Barnaby J.W., Ribeiro, Gianni, Peters, Kim, Steffens, Niklas K., Tan, Kok Wei, Thorstenson, Christopher A., Fernandez, Ana Maria, Hsu, Rafael M.C.S., Valentova, Jaroslava V., Varella, Marco A.C., Corral-Frías, Nadia S., Frías-Armenta, Martha, Hatami, Javad, Monajem, Arash, Sharifian, Mohammad Hasan, Frohlich, Brooke, Lin, Hause, Inzlicht, Michael, Alaei, Ravin, Rule, Nicholas O., Lamm, Claus, Pronizius, Ekaterina, Voracek, Martin, Olsen, Jerome, Giolla, Erik Mac, Akgoz, Aysegul, Özdoğru, Asil A., Crawford, Matthew T., Bennett-Day, Brooke, Koehn, Monica A., Okan, Ceylan, Gill, Tripat, Miller, Jeremy K., Dunham, Yarrow, Yang, Xin, Alper, Sinan, Borras-Guevara, Martha Lucia, Cai, Sun Jun, Tiantian, Dong, Danvers, Alexander F., Feinberg, David R., Armstrong, Marie M., Gilboa-Schechtman, Eva, McCarthy, Randy J., Muñoz-Reyes, Jose Antonio, Polo, Pablo, Shiramazu, Victor K.M., Yan, Wen Jing, Carvalho, Lilian, Forscher, Patrick S., Chartier, Christopher R. and Coles, Nicholas A.;